Sinusitis is a disease that occurs as a result of a strong inflammatory process in the sinuses. The cause of the disease is a viral and bacterial lesion that can appear as a result of a severe cold or as a result of tooth decay in the oral cavity. In addition, in special cases, the disease can be caused by allergic, oncological, and other pathologies of neighboring organs. In this article, we read about How to get rid of sinus headache?
Regarding how to get rid of sinusitis quickly and effectively, it should be noted that only complex treatment with drugs and traditional medicine can help. Such therapy involves the elimination of purulent contents in the paranasal sinuses and the hygiene of the cavity in which the infection is contained.
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What methods are used to treat sinusitis?
Appropriate treatment also offered depending on the stage of the disease. In milder forms, conservative methods used, which include treatment with antibiotics, antiseptics, anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor drugs, sprays, and solutions.
In the case of more severe forum sinusitis, surgical methods use, which include piercing the sinuses, washing, and various methods of local treatment of the inflamed area with antibiotics. At the same time, surgical methods can have a number of complications, which are manifested in secondary infections, polyps growth, and fistula-like passages, which, in turn, lead to a relapse of the disease.
Treatment of sinusitis with medication
When using drugs to treat sinusitis, doctors prescribe antibiotics, mucolytics, antibacterial sprays, and vasoconstrictors.
Antibiotics to get rid of sinus headache
When sinusitis caused by complications after colds, acute viral infections of the respiratory tract, influenza, and other viral diseases, standard antibiotics often prescribed, which have a wide spectrum of action and use with an increase in temperature, excessive nasal discharge, and other signs of an infectious process.
If sinusitis cause not by viral diseases, but by various bacteria or fungi, then in order to choose the appropriate drug, it necessary to show the contents of the sinus to determine which causative agent caused the disease. Depending on this, an antibiotic selected for reading the pathology.
Most commonly, one of the following antibiotics is used to treat sinusitis:
- Penicillin series: Amoxilav, Panklav, Flemoklav, Flemoxin Solutab, Ampisid, Sultamicillin, Unazin.
- Cephalosporin series: Pancef, Suprax, Tsemidexor.
- Macrolides: Josamycin, Azithromycin, Clarithromycin.
- Fluoroquinolones (in the most severe cases): Ciprofloxacin, Ofloxacin, Lomefloxacin, Norfloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Levofloxacin, Sparfloxacin.
Mucolytics to get rid of sinus headache
The use of mucolytic drugs irritates the receptors in the sinuses and releases mucus, which removes it from the nose. This is necessary for the treatment of this disease. The use of mucolytic agents should be in an integrated manner using physiotherapeutic procedures, as well as along with antibacterial and antiviral therapy. Often a series of mucolytic drugs are drops or syrups. The most popular of them are Sinuforte, Rinofluimucil, Mukodin, ACC (Fluimucil), Fluditec, Libeskind.
Antibacterial (antiseptic) drugs
The use of antiseptics prescribed for rinsing and installation of the nose to eliminate the pathogenic flora in the maxillary sinuses, ensure the outflow of secretions and disinfect the cavity.
It’s worth noting that these are relatively inexpensive drugs that are particularly effective in treating sinusitis at home. The most common tools in this category include:
Drops and sprays from sinusitis to get rid of sinus headache
The use of such drugs should carry out with extreme caution since there a risk of addiction and side effects in the form of mucosal atrophy. In this context, drops and sprays not recommended for more than 5 days.
Drops used to treat sinusitis are divided into several groups:
- Dekogestanten (vasoconstrictor drugs) – Nazol, Naphtizin, Nazivin, Xilen, Dlyanos, Otrivin, Rinonorm, Rinostop, Lazolvan Rino;
- Antiseptic and antibacterial – Protargol, Isofra;
- Antiviral and immunomodulating agents – interferon, Grippferon, IRS-19;
- Combined – Vibrocil, Polydex with Phenylephrine.
Please note that it is necessary to drain your nose only after previously washing it with a saline solution made with your own hands or purchased from a pharmacy. Because without this, the effect of using drops may not fully achieved.
In addition, it important to adhere to the order – vasoconstrictor drops dripped first, and then only antibiotics or antihistamines used.
Treatment of sinusitis with folk remedies
Traditional medicine also used as an alternative to drug treatment. At the same time, there are completely different methods of home therapy and folk remedies, which, depending on the situation, are optimal for each person.
It is worth noting that it is quite possible to cure sinusitis at home without piercing the maxillary sinuses. However, treatment must be correct and selected depending on the precise diagnosis of the disease. How to quickly get rid of sinusitis at home using the method of traditional medicine – see below.
Rinse nose with saline solution
Salt has good antiseptic properties and is an effective treatment for early-stage sinusitis. By rinsing your nose with saline, you eliminate various viruses and bacteria that build up in your sinuses.
When preparing such a solution, several aspects must taken into account:
- The correct salt dosage in relation to water must observe. Recommended proportion: for adults – 1 teaspoon per 1 liter of water, for children – 1 teaspoon per 1 liter of water. More salt can cause burns. For more severe forms of sinusitis, you can add 1/4 teaspoon to the solution. Soda and 2 drops of iodine.
- Before rinsing, the salt must stir thoroughly in the water, as the penetration of salt particles can damage the mucous membrane. If there a large amount of sediment or stones, it recommended that the solution sieve off.
- The wash temperature should not be too cold or too hot. The optimal temperature value is 40-42 degrees.
- During the flushing process, you cannot suck in water with your nose alone, the water must flow under pressure and flow out of the other nostril itself. It is best to use a syringe or a syringe for this.
Rinse your nose with a brew of herbs
An herbal cook can also use instead of a saline solution. For example, rinsing the nose with decoctions of chamomile, calendula, and St. John’s wort will help. To prepare such a brew, it is enough to pour 1 tablespoon of one of the indicated medicinal plants with a glass of boiling water and let the tea steep for 20 minutes. Then strain thoroughly, let the broth cool to 40 degrees and rinse your nose.
Take herbal boil inside to get rid of sinus headache
Few people know that herbal medicine can use to treat colds, get rid of post-illness complications, and strengthen immunity. A decoction of herbs effective not only for rinsing the nose but it can also take orally.
For the manufacture of such a medicine, 1 tablespoon of an herb with antibacterial properties needed. Chamomile, eucalyptus, sage, St. John’s wort. To do this, add 1 teaspoon of string and yarrow, pour a liter of boiling water. Let the broth steep for half an hour, strain, and let cool to room temperature. Drink 100 milliliters 4 times a day. In addition, this broth is good for inhalation.
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